Surah 14

IBRAHIM (Abraham)

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful


1 A. L. R. A book which we have revealed to you, in order that you might lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light by the leave of their Lord to the way of the exalted in power, worthy of all praise,

2 Of Allah, to whom belong all things in the heaven and on earth. But alas, for the unbelievers is a terrible penalty.

3 Those who love the life of this world more than the hereafter, who hinder men from the path of Allah and seek in it something crooked, they are astray by a long distance.

4 We sent not a messenger except in the language of his people, in order to make things clear to them. Now Allah leaves straying those whom he pleases: and guides whom he pleases: and he is exalted in power, full of wisdom.

5 We sent Musa with our signs. Bring out your people from the depths of darkness into light, and teach them to remember the days of Allah. Truly in this there are signs for such as are firmly patient and constant, grateful and appreciative.


6 Remember Musa said to his people: call to mind the favour of Allah to you when he delivered you from the people of Firaun: they set you hard tasks and punishments, slaughtered your sons, and let your women folk live: in it was a tremendous trial from your Lord.

7 And remember, your Lord caused to be declared: “If you are grateful, I will add more to you; but if you show ingratitude, truly my punishment is terrible indeed.”

8 And Musa said: “If you show ingratitude, you and all on earth together, yet is Allah free of all wants, worthy of all praise.

9 Has not the story reached you, of those who were before you? Of the people of Nuh, and Aad, and Thamud? And of those who came after them? None knows them but Allah. To them came messengers with clear signs; but they put their hands up to their mouths, and said: “We deny the mission on which you have been sent, and we are really in suspicious doubt as to that to which you invite us.”

10 Their messengers said: “Is there a doubt about Allah, the creator of the heavens and the earth? It is he who invites you, in order that he may forgive you your sins and give you respite for a term appointed!” They said: “Ah! You are no more than human, like ourselves! You wish to turn us away from the gods our fathers used to worship: then bring us some clear authority.”


11 Their messengers said to them: “True, we are human like yourself, but Allah grants his grace to such of his servants as he pleases. It is not for us to bring you an authority except as Allah permits. And on Allah let all men of faith put their trust.

12 “No reason have we why we should not put our trust on Allah. Indeed he has guided us to the ways we follow. We shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us. For those who put their trust should put their trust on Allah.”

13 And the unbelievers said to their messengers: “Be sure we shall drive you out of our land, or you shall return to our religion.” But their Lord inspired this message to them: “Truly we shall cause the wrongdoers to perish!

14 “And truly we shall cause you to abide in the land, and succeed them. This for such as fear the time when they shall stand before my tribunal, such as fear the punishment denounced.”

15 But they sought victory and decision, and frustration was the lot of every powerful obstinate transgressor.

16 In front of such a one is hell, and he is given, for drink, boiling fetid water.

17 In gulps will he sip it, but never will he be near swallowing it down his throat: death will come to him from every quarter, yet will he not die: and in front of him will be a chastisement unrelenting.

18 The parable of those who reject their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a tempestuous day: no power have they over anything that they have earned: that is the straying far.


19 Do you not see that Allah created the heavens and the earth in truth? If he so wills, he can remove you and put in your place a new creation,

20 Nor is that for Allah any great matter.

21 They will all be marshalled before Allah together: then will the weak say to those who were arrogant, for us, we put followed you; can you then avail us at all against the wrath of Allah? They will reply, if we had received the guidance of Allah, we should have given it to you: to us it makes no difference whether we rage, or bear with patience: for ourselves there is no way of escape.

22 And Satan will say when the matter is decided: it was Allah who gave you a promise of truth: I too promised, but I failed in my promise to you. I had no authority over you except to call you, but you listened to me: then reproach not me, but reproach your own souls. I cannot listen to your cries, nor can you listen to mine. I reject your former act in associating me with Allah. For wrongdoers there must be a grievous penalty.

23 But those who believe and work righteousness will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell in them forever with the leave of their Lord. Their greeting there will be: “Peace!”

24 Do you not see how Allah sets forth a parable? A goodly word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches reach to the heavens.


25 It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition.

26 And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree: it is torn up by the root from the surface of the earth: it has no stability.

27 Allah will establish in strength those who believe, with the word that stands firm, in this world and in the hereafter; but Allah will leave, to stray, those who do wrong: Allah does what he wills.

28 Have you not turned your vision to those who have changed the favour of Allah into blasphemy and caused their people to descend to the house of perdition,

29 Into hell? They will burn in it, an evil place to stay in.

30 And they set up idols as equal to Allah, to mislead men from the path. Say: Enjoy your brief power but truly you are making straightway for hell.

31 Speak to my servants who have believed, that they may establish regular prayers, and spend out of the sustenance we have given them, secretly and openly, before the coming of a day in which there will be neither mutual bargaining nor befriending.

32 It is Allah who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down rain from the skies, and with it brings out fruits wherewith to feed you; it is he who has made the ships subject to you, that they may sail through the sea by his command; and the rivers has he made subject to you.

33 And he has made subject to you the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses; and the night and the day has he made subject to you.


34 And he gives you all that you ask for. But if you count the favours of Allah, never will you be able to number them. Truly, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude.

35 Remember Ibrahim said: O my Lord, make this city one of peace and security: and preserve me and my sons from worshipping idols.

36 O my Lord, they have indeed led astray many among mankind; he then who follows my ways is of me, and he that disobeys me, but you are indeed oft-forgiving, most merciful.

37 O our Lord, I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation, by your sacred house; in order, O our Lord, that they may establish regular prayer: so fill the hearts to some among men with love towards them, and feed them with fruits: so that they may give thanks.

38 O our Lord, truly you know what we conceal, and what we reveal: for nothing whatever is hidden from Allah, whether on earth or in heaven.

39 Praise be to Allah, who has granted to me in old age Ismail and Ishaq: for truly my Lord is he, the hearer of prayer.

40 O my Lord, make me one who establishes regular prayer, and also among my offspring O our Lord! And accept my prayer.

41 O our Lord, cover me with your forgiveness, as well as my parents and believers, on the day that the reckoning will be established.

42 Think not that Allah does not heed the deeds of those who do wrong. He but gives them respite against a day when the eyes will fixedly stare in horror,


43 They running forward with necks outstretched, their heads uplifted, their gaze returning not towards them, and their hearts a void.

44 So warn mankind of the day when the wrath will reach them: then will the wrongdoers say: “Our Lord! Give us respite for a short term: we will answer your call, and follow the messengers!” “What! Were you not accustomed to swear aforetime that you should suffer no decline?

45 “And you lived in the dwellings of men who wronged their own souls; you were clearly shown how we dealt with them; and we put forth parables in your behalf!”

46 Mighty indeed were the plots which they made, but their plots were within the sight of Allah, even though they were such as to shake the hills!

47 Never think that Allah would fail his messengers in his promise: for Allah is exalted in power, the Lord of retribution.

48 One day the earth will be changed to a different earth, and so will be the heavens, and men will be marshalled forth, before Allah, the one, the irresistible;

49 And you will see the sinners that day bound together in fetters;

50 Their garments of liquid pitch, and their faces covered with fire;

51 That Allah may requite each soul according to its deserts; and truly Allah is swift in calling to account.

52 Here is a message for mankind: let them take warning therefrom, and let them know that he is one God: let men of understanding take heed.


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