Deuteronomy 19

When Allah your God shall cut off the nations, whose land Allah your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses; 2you shall set apart three cities for you in the midst of your land, which Allah your God gives you to possess it. 3You shall prepare you the way, and divide the borders of your land, which Allah your God causes you to inherit, into three parts, that every manslayer may flee there. 4This is the case of the manslayer, that shall flee there and live: whoever kills his neighbour unawares, and didn’t hate him in time past; 5as when a man goes into the forest with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetches a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slips from the handle, and lights on his neighbour, so that he dies; he shall flee to one of these cities and live: 6lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and strike him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he didn’t hate him in time past. 7Therefore I command you, saying, You shall set apart three cities for you. 8If Allah your God enlarge your border, as he has sworn to your fathers, and give you all the land which he promised to give to your fathers; 9if you shall keep all this commandment to do it, which I command you this day, to love Allah your God, and to walk ever in his ways; then shall you add three cities more for you, besides these three: 10that innocent blood not be shed in the midst of your land, which Allah your God gives you for an inheritance, and so blood be on you. 11But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and strike him mortally so that he dies, and he flee into one of these cities; 12then the elders of his city shall send and bring him there, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. 13Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall put away the innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with you. 14You shall not remove your neighbour’s landmark, which they of old time have set, in your inheritance which you shall inherit, in the land that Allah your God gives you to possess it. 15One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two or three witnesses shall a matter be established.[1] 16If an unrighteous witness rise up against any man to testify against him of wrong-doing, 17then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before Allah, before the priests and the judges who shall be in those days; 18and the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness is a false witness, and has testified falsely against his brother; 19then shall you do to him, as he had thought to do to his brother: so shall you put away the evil from the midst of you.[2] 20Those who remain shall hear, and fear, and from then on shall commit no more any such evil among you. 21Your eyes shall not pity; life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth,[3] hand for hand, foot for foot.


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[1] 19:15 Quoted in the Injil, Matthew 18:16 and 2 Corinthians 13:1.

[2] 19:19 Quoted in the Injil, 1 Corinthians 5:13.

[3] 19:21 Quoted in the Injil, Matthew 5:38. Also see a similar wording in the Quran 5:45.